It may take some time to enjoy the juicy pears, but You don’t want any weeds or grass growing over the root system and competing for water and nutrients. Crisp like an apple, the 20th Century is a mild-flavored and juicy sweet Asian pear that is wildly popular in Japan and California. Fruit may be consumed fresh or stored for later use. You can find bare root ‘Hosui’ trees available at Burpee. variety got its start as a happy accident. I doubt they’ll even last you three months, they’re so delicious. Even if you don’t have a large yard, you can still grow P. pyrifolia: some cultivars can grow up to 40 feet tall, but widely available dwarf varieties reach just six to 15 feet in height. Although self-fruiting to an If you’ve ever had this experience, consider me jealous, but in a good way. I’ll be sure to fence for deer soon…. How To Water, Fertilize, and Prune Pear Trees. Pruning: Prune trees by about half when planting to encourage vigorous and compact growth. The larvae have black heads and white bodies. Resistant to pear leaf spot. There are two major plant pests to watch for when you’re growing Asian pears. blight and codling As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in full sun and situated in well-draining soil. Maybe you know them as apple pears, papples, or nashi pears, but whatever you call them, the fruits of the Pyrus pyrifolia tree are delicious. Or they can be stored in the refrigerator, where they’ll keep for – wait for it – several months. The Nijisseiki Asian pear was once the most planted tree in We’ll cover both planting methods to make it easy for you to choose which is best for your garden. A good keeper, fruits store well for up to five months in cold storage at 31°F. The first is the codling moth (Carpocapsa pomonella), which eats through the fruit to get at the seeds, rendering it inedible. BEST ANSWER: This easy-to-grow tree produces an irresistibly sweet, crisp and juicy fruit. Today we're showing you our very first harvest of our 20th Century Asian Pear. fruit low enough for hand picking. time. It is round, yellow-skinned, easily bruised, but stores well up to six months. The 20th Century Asian pear tree requires a different pear variety for pollination. This cultivar often begins producing fruit in its second year, though it can take up six years before you can pick a decent harvest. It is healthy and thriving well with my other Asian Pears. 450 hrs. ), available from Arbico Organics, according to package instructions. You can also prune the tops of the branches farthest away from the trunk, as those produce fruit that’s less sweet and often smaller. The first tree was named Shin Daihaku but changed to 20th Century Below, you’ll find out what it is and how to treat it. Fruit Asian Pear 20th Century 20th Century Asian Pear. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Despite some cultivars producing fruit reminiscent of an apple, the Asian pear is not a hybrid with this fruit. Peruse our three favorite cultivars of this tasty fruit: True to its name, which translates to “plentiful” in Japanese, ‘Chojuro’ produces ample fruit, often in its very first year after planting. First, make sure you have enough space. As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. Give it a thorough soaking at the base, and let the top inch of soil dry out before you water again. You get the idea: this is a large, extra-juicy cultivar. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. They ripen on the tree and maintain a crisp, juicy texture. The 20th Century Asian Pear will set a much heavier crop when planted with one of the other Asian pear varieties. Expect mature trees to grow 25 feet (7.6 m.) and start producing 7 Like apples, they ripen on the tree and have a crisp, firm texture, but they have juicy, white flesh with the flavor and fragrance of pears. this is a long lived tree with good care and can last at least another In Japanese, ‘Hosui’ means “abundant juice” or “much water,” depending on the translation. Kakunosuke had passed … They are also sometimes called P. serotina. pears so you can decide if they would be the perfect tree for your gardening Asian During the first year of growth after planting, you’ll want to water your Asian pear tree once or twice a week, depending on the amount of rainfall. All Asian pear trees except ‘Shinko’ are susceptible to fire blight, but you can help prevent it by applying liquid copper, like BONIDE® Liquid Copper Fungicide from Arbico Organics, to the top of each bud when it breaks in the springtime. Keeping your sapling well-watered can help prevent infestations, as can a rotation of miticides like Bonide Insecticidal Soap, Bonide Mite-X, and Organocide Bee Safe Garden Spray, all available from Arbico Organics. This Asian pear’s skin is a beautiful yellow-green color. blooms in spring, filling the air with fragrant white flowers. For best results, you will need to plant two varieties that bloom at the same time for pollination. Fruits may be harvested any time between August and October, depending on the cultivar you’re growing. Even in the case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests. Keeps well, up to six months. them to a central leader with plenty of air flow at the center. The twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, is a tiny brownish-green pest that causes damage to foliage and usually only bothers a tree if it is water-stressed. Its popularity was at its peak in Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts. If it feels dry, give the tree a thorough watering. Most other varieties require cross-pollination. Like apples, each fruit contains five seeds. If you are growing your Asian pear in a container, you’ll want to prune it to remain about five to six feet tall – essentially turning it into a fruit-bearing shrub rather than a fully dwarf-sized fruit tree. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. Or, plant a dwarf or standard-sized cultivar straight into the ground for a beautiful and tasty addition to your landscape. Deciduous tree. Pack your bounty in a padded bucket until you decide what to do with them, as they bruise very easily. Peel them, core them, and slice them into halves or into smaller pieces. 20th Century (Nijisseki) - This is the best flavored and most popular Asian pear in Japan and California.It originated in Japan in about 1900 and was responsible for the high popularity of pears in Japan. Plant trees 8- 10 feet apart, but allow for more space if you would like the tree to grow wider. Some cultivars, such as ‘Shinseiki,’ ‘20th Century,’ and ‘Tennosui,’ are self-pollinating. Shinseiki pears can be grown in zones 5 through 9 and may tolerate temperatures as cold as -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-29 Celsius), especially if grafted to a hardy rootstock. The attractive mid-sized fruit is bright yellow with a hint of rosy blush, and it has a crisp texture and mild flavor. I love it because I prefer firm and crisp varieties of this fruit, and if that’s your preference, you will too. If you live in Zones 8 or 9, select a site that receives partial afternoon shade to help temper the effect of the heat. Keep the soil moist until your area’s first wintertime freeze, especially in the sapling’s first few years of growth. Originated in Japan in 1900, the cultivar is also called 'Nijisseki'. 20th Century pear trees are hardy to United Juicy, sweet, mild-flavored fruit is crisp like apple. The recipe calls for ‘Bosc’ pears, which you can easily substitute with sliced P. pyrifolia. This will encourage a well shaped tree, and also allow the roots and branches a chance to balance up from when they were dug from their original growing spot. This juicy Asian Pear treat is great eaten fresh and it stores well for canning and preserving. Fruit is ready to harvest starting in early August, and in autumn, the glossy green leaves turn a vibrant orangey red. Replace it each season to keep that layer of protection over the tree’s root system. Simply add a balanced 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer to give the plant a boost. Requires 400 chill hours. Great for fresh eating. Japan but is now relegated to third place. 20th Century Asian pear trees have a long storage life and produce fairly large, sweet, crisp fruits that became one of the premier pears Recommended chill between 300-400 hours. This pear tree has delicious, firm, crisp and very juicy pears. In my opinion, the best way to eat an Asian pear is fresh off the tree. generation. You’ll still get a decent harvest, but your tree will remain a manageable size. Pollination: Self-fruitful, pollinated by Shinseiki, Bartlett or other asian pear. Like apple, nectarine, and peach trees, Asian pears are members of the rose or Rosaceae family. Asian pears combine the flavor and sweetness of pears … I love whiskey barrel containers for growing dwarf fruit trees, like this one from the Home Depot that’s 26 inches in diameter across the rim, 17.5 inches deep, and 21.5 inches wide at the base. Every time you water, check for weeds. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Cervids, whether they’re moose or deer, won’t hesitate to devour your tree whether it’s got fruit on it or not. They stay narrow, not growing too wide or spreading. The variety is cold hardy, as well as heat and drought It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. is producing, it may be helpful to thin Cross-pollination can be achieved by planting another Asian Pear Variety within 50 feet of your 20th Century Asian Pear Tree. As an added benefit, you'll get a … ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. Make a hole in the soil that’s as deep as the root ball and just a smidge wider. Pruning each year in the dormant season is important, but flower thinning can also help with fruit production. 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